Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:174:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/comments' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT COUNT(*) FROM comments c WHERE c.nid = 290 AND c.status = 0\";s:5:\"%file\";s:57:\"/home/innovate/public_html/modules/comment/comment.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:991;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:442:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/comments' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT c.cid as cid, c.pid, c.nid, c.subject, c.comment, c.format, c.timestamp, c.name, c.mail, c.homepage, u.uid, u.name AS registered_name, u.signature, u.signature_format, u.picture, u.data, c.thread, c.status FROM comments c INNER JOIN users u ON c.uid = u.uid WHERE c.nid = 290 AND c.status = 0 ORDER BY c.thread DESC LIMIT 0, 10\";s:5:\"%file\";s:57:\"/home/innovate/public_html/modules/comment/comment.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:991;}', 3, '', 'http in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:83:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1148;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:178:\"Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:229;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_area::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:81;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:133:\"Declaration of views_handler_area_text::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area_text.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:121;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:81:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:181;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:139:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:87;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686731) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:236:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:navigation:page-cid:node/290:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686732) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:259:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:navigation:tree-data:8f3708ccf2fea48977edaa9f5979756f'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686732) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:315647:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'a:2:{s:4:\\"tree\\";a:159:{i:2;a:2:{s:4:\\"link\\";a:37:{s:14:\\"load_functions\\";s:0:\\"\\";s:16:\\"to_arg_functions\\";s:0:\\"\\";s:15:\\"access_callback\\";s:11:\\"user_access\\";s:16:\\"access_arguments\\";s:32:\\"a:1:{i:0;s:14:\\"access content\\";}\\";s:13:\\& in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:345:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'links:navigation:tree-data:8f3708ccf2fea48977edaa9f5979756f', created = 1544686733, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = 'links:navigation:page-cid:node/290:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:239:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:primary-links:page-cid:node/290:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686733) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:262:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:primary-links:tree-data:c18cdfcacb0dd395c344e4c4965e252f'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686733) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:20814:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'a:2:{s:4:\\"tree\\";a:10:{i:578;a:2:{s:4:\\"link\\";a:37:{s:14:\\"load_functions\\";N;s:16:\\"to_arg_functions\\";N;s:15:\\"access_callback\\";N;s:16:\\"access_arguments\\";N;s:13:\\"page_callback\\";N;s:14:\\"page_arguments\\";N;s:5:\\"title\\";N;s:14:\\"title_callback\\";N;s:15:\\&am in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:351:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'links:primary-links:tree-data:c18cdfcacb0dd395c344e4c4965e252f', created = 1544686733, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = 'links:primary-links:page-cid:node/290:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219&# in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:241:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:page-cid:node/290:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686733) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:264:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:tree-data:5d6d3aaaaef5fba302ce62698fa37bbe'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686733) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:385:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'a:2:{s:4:\\"tree\\";a:0:{}s:10:\\"node_links\\";a:0:{}}', created = 1544686733, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 1 WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:tree-data:5d6d3aaaaef5fba302ce62698fa37bbe'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/con in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:355:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'links:secondary-links:tree-data:5d6d3aaaaef5fba302ce62698fa37bbe', created = 1544686733, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:page-cid:node/290:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.2 in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:44:\"Only variables should be passed by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:90:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/custom/innovateus_menu/innovateus_menu.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:38;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/bicycle', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686733) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134
Invention: Bicycle

Bicycle

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Baron von Drais introduced a machine to the public in Paris. It had two inline wheels connected by a wooden frame. The rider sat astride and pushed it along with his feet, while steering the front wheel.

 

What was the first means of transport?

The first means of transport making use of two wheels, and thus the archetype of the bicycle, was the German draisine dating back to 1817. The term bicycle was coined in France in the 1860s. Karl von Drais patented this design in 1818 which was the first commercially successful two wheeled, steerable, human propelled machine commonly called a velocipede, nicknamed hobby horse or dandy horse. It was initially manufactured in Germany and France. Hans Erhard Lessing found from circumstantial evidence that Drais' interest in finding an alternative to the horse was the starvation and death of horses caused by crop failure in 1816.

 

Development of wooden bicycle

Drais' velocipede provided the basis for further developments: in fact, it was a draisine which inspired a French metalworker around 1863 to add rotary cranks and pedals to the front wheel hub, to create the first pedal operated "bicycle" as we today understand the word. In the United States, Bostonians such as Frank Weston started importing bicycles in 1877 and 1878, and Albert Augustus Pope started production of his "Columbia" high wheelers in 1878, and gained control of nearly all applicable patents, starting with Lallement's 1866 patent. 

 

Improvement for the safety bicycle

The development of the safety bicycle was arguably the most important change in the history of the bicycle. It shifted their use and public perception from being a dangerous toy for sporting young men to being an everyday transport tool for men and, crucially, women of all ages. Aside from the obvious safety problems, the high wheeler's direct front wheel drive limited its top speed. Accordingly, inventors tried a rear wheel chain drive. Although Henry Lawson invented a rear chain drive bicycle in 1879 with his "bicyclette", it still had a huge front wheel and a small rear wheel. Detractors called it "The Crocodile", and it failed in the market

 

Improvement in the means of transport lead to decrease in bicycle production

Cycling steadily became more important in Europe over the first half of the twentieth century, but it dropped off dramatically in the United States between 1900 and 1910. Automobiles became the preferred means of transportation.