Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:174:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/comments' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT COUNT(*) FROM comments c WHERE c.nid = 791 AND c.status = 0\";s:5:\"%file\";s:57:\"/home/innovate/public_html/modules/comment/comment.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:991;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686473) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:442:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/comments' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT c.cid as cid, c.pid, c.nid, c.subject, c.comment, c.format, c.timestamp, c.name, c.mail, c.homepage, u.uid, u.name AS registered_name, u.signature, u.signature_format, u.picture, u.data, c.thread, c.status FROM comments c INNER JOIN users u ON c.uid = u.uid WHERE c.nid = 791 AND c.status = 0 ORDER BY c.thread DESC LIMIT 0, 30\";s:5:\"%file\";s:57:\"/home/innovate/public_html/modules/comment/comment.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:991;}', 3, '', 'http in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686473) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:83:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1148;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:178:\"Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:229;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_area::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:81;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:133:\"Declaration of views_handler_area_text::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area_text.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:121;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:81:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:181;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:139:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:87;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:236:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:navigation:page-cid:node/791:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:259:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:navigation:tree-data:8f3708ccf2fea48977edaa9f5979756f'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686474) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:315647:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'a:2:{s:4:\\"tree\\";a:159:{i:2;a:2:{s:4:\\"link\\";a:37:{s:14:\\"load_functions\\";s:0:\\"\\";s:16:\\"to_arg_functions\\";s:0:\\"\\";s:15:\\"access_callback\\";s:11:\\"user_access\\";s:16:\\"access_arguments\\";s:32:\\"a:1:{i:0;s:14:\\"access content\\";}\\";s:13:\\& in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:345:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'links:navigation:tree-data:8f3708ccf2fea48977edaa9f5979756f', created = 1544686475, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = 'links:navigation:page-cid:node/791:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '5 in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:239:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:primary-links:page-cid:node/791:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686475) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:262:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:primary-links:tree-data:c18cdfcacb0dd395c344e4c4965e252f'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686475) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:20814:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'a:2:{s:4:\\"tree\\";a:10:{i:578;a:2:{s:4:\\"link\\";a:37:{s:14:\\"load_functions\\";N;s:16:\\"to_arg_functions\\";N;s:15:\\"access_callback\\";N;s:16:\\"access_arguments\\";N;s:13:\\"page_callback\\";N;s:14:\\"page_arguments\\";N;s:5:\\"title\\";N;s:14:\\"title_callback\\";N;s:15:\\&am in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:351:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'links:primary-links:tree-data:c18cdfcacb0dd395c344e4c4965e252f', created = 1544686475, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = 'links:primary-links:page-cid:node/791:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', & in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:241:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:page-cid:node/791:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686475) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:264:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_menu WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:tree-data:5d6d3aaaaef5fba302ce62698fa37bbe'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:27;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686475) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:385:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'a:2:{s:4:\\"tree\\";a:0:{}s:10:\\"node_links\\";a:0:{}}', created = 1544686475, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 1 WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:tree-data:5d6d3aaaaef5fba302ce62698fa37bbe'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/con in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:355:\"Table './innovate_wwwop/cache_menu' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed\nquery: UPDATE cache_menu SET data = 'links:secondary-links:tree-data:5d6d3aaaaef5fba302ce62698fa37bbe', created = 1544686475, expire = 0, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = 'links:secondary-links:page-cid:node/791:1'\";s:5:\"%file\";s:45:\"/home/innovate/public_html/includes/cache.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:112;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '' in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './innovate_wwwop/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:44:\"Only variables should be passed by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:90:\"/home/innovate/public_html/sites/all/modules/custom/innovateus_menu/innovateus_menu.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:38;}', 3, '', 'http://www.innovateus.net/content/what-are-organic-compounds', '', '54.82.10.219', 1544686475) in /home/innovate/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134
What are Organic compounds?

What are Organic compounds?

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Image Credit: 
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Image of Organic molecule

Organic compounds are complex compounds containing the element carbon and can exist in solid, liquid and gaseous forms. Carbon as an element has an astonishing characteristic to form strong chain like bonds with itself as well as other important elements like hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen which in turn form bonds to transform themselves into related group of compounds like hydrocarbons (C-H bonds) and the aldehydes (C-O bonds) etc. While there is still no clear definition for organic compounds, it can be approximately understood as any compound containing carbon.

 

What is Carbon molecule?

Carbon has a valency 4 which means it can at the maximum form 4 bonds. While a C-C (carbon-carbon) bonding is considered the strongest bond, Carbon can also easily bond with oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen thereby giving them different molecular structure resulting in unique physical and chemical properties. It is this special valency of carbon which makes it form all the unique organic compounds around us and in us as well.

 

Organic compounds derive their name from nature. This is because initially it was believed that such compounds were obtained from plants and animals because they contained the basic constituents namely lipids, proteins and carbohydrates. This is why the name Organic was tagged to these compounds and this was essentially what distinguished them from Inorganic compounds too. While carbohydrates were essentially hydrates of carbon, proteins and lipids consisted of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. Inorganic compounds on the other hand were obtained from non-living substances found on Earth. However, the modern day Chemistry has made it possible to create Organic compounds in laboratories and so this difference holds no good anymore.               

 

How are organic compounds named?

With the invent of numerous organic compounds, the main challenge was naming them. The need of the hour was to develop unique names for each compound which was as unique as their molecular structure. To begin with common compounds were given random names which did not rest on any principles or rules. For example: Methane, Butane, Acetone, Ethyl Alcohol etc. 

What is IUPAC?

Later a rational and systematic nomenclature rule known as the IUPACnomenclature came into practice to reduce problems caused by such arbitrary naming. IUPAC means International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.  The IUPAC system was developed in such a way that one could easily write the nomenclature if the molecular structure was given or the molecular structure could be deciphered on reading the nomenclature. Such a transparency was possible only because naming a compound was arrived after considering three factors viz. the type of bonding amongst carbon atoms in the compound, the functional groups present in the compound and other functional groups or elements present in the compound. Such simple rules were easy to understand and follow and hence today we find clear names for each organic compound, no matter how complicated its molecular structure might be.

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