What are psychotropics ?


Psychotropics are chemical substances, which are capable of affecting the mind, emotions and behavior. Some medication like that of lithium, which is generally used to treat depression are called Psychotropic or Psychodynamic medication.


Psycho is derived from the Greek word which  means,  mind + turning (psycho + tropic). Psychotropics are prescribed for patients who have been diagnosed with varying mental disorders. The drug mostly acts upon the central nervous system altering the neurochemistry in diverse ways and is used to treat a range of conditions like emotions, perception, the mind, and behavior.


Psychotropic medication alleviates the symptoms of mental disorders and therefore it is used in combination with that of psychotherapy. Many patients who have been prescribed psychotropic medications can live full and active lives, although the side effects do vary based upon individuals. 


The stimulants used in the treatment can increase some levels of alertness and wakefulness by increasing the dopamine and norepinephrine activity. Some stimulants are of great medical value and they can be used to treat lethargy, narcolepsy, and ADHD. Other varying side effects in using stimulants are anxiety even though it is used at times to treat anxiety and some side effect may lead to changes in blood pressure and heart rate.


Depressants have an opposite effect to that of stimulants as they decrease activity in specific part of the mind or body often by facilitating opioid and GABA activity. The major application of depressants is to use it as sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics. For anxiety, insomnia and other sleep disorders anxiolytics drugs are administered. Some of the common depressants are barbiturates and benzodiazepines.

How do Psychotropics work?

Psychotropic drugs affect the central nervous system, and can cause a variety of changes in behavior or perception. Psychotropic drugs not only include some illegal items like LSD, angel dust, and marijuana but also caffeine is considered one of many psychotropic drugs. Other psychotropic drugs include mood stabilizers and tranquilizers. Doctors prescribing the psychotropic medications must carefully monitor the patients reaction to drug as well as their patients reaction to the drug as well as consider any side effects. The medication is available in both as tablets and liquid form. Tablets are much more commonly used for psychotropics than liquids.


Patients must be carefully evaluated to see if they are good candidates for the drug. Common side effects can include nausea, constipation, fatigue, dry mouth, and tremors.