What is Schema therapy?


Schema Therapy was developed by Dr. Jeffrey Young. Schema Therapy was developed for personality disorders, chronic depression and other difficult individual and couples problems. It can be considered as an innovative in Psychotherapy. The therapy also integrates elements of cognitive therapy, behavior therapy, You do not have access to view this node, and object relations into one unified systematic approach to treatment. The Schema therapy in recent times is being used with mindfulness medication for clients who want to add a spiritual dimension to their lives.


What are the concepts of Schema Theory?

Schema therapy is based on the following four main concepts. Concepts of Schema therapy include: early Maladaptive Schemas, Schema Domains, Coping Styles and schema modes

  • Early Maladaptive Schemas: They are around 18 Early Maladaptive Schemas which deals with self-defeating, core themes or patterns that keep repeating throughout ones lives.
  • Schema Domains: The 5 Schema Domains mostly relate with the basic emotional needs of a child. When these schemas are not met in childhood, they tend to lead the person to unhealthy life patterns. The 18 schemas are grouped into 5 broad schema domains, on the basis of which core needs the schema is related to.
  • Coping Styles: Coping Styles are the ways in which a child adapts with damaging childhood experiences. For example, some children surrender to their schemas while some find ways to block out or escape from pain. In such cases in order to escape from pain, some children fight back while the other overcompensates.
  • Schema Modes: Schema Modes are moment-to-moment emotional states that a man passes through and coping responses that one experience during such times. Often these schema modes are triggered by life situations that we are oversensitive to emotional buttons. Many of these schema modes lead to over reactions to situations or act as such ways that end up hurting oneself.


How does Schema Therapy help ?

The goals that Schema Therapy can behold are: it can stop patients to stop using maladaptive coping styles and thus get back in touch with their core feelings, as well to heal early schemas and learn to flip out of self defeating schema modes as quickly as possible and in the end to get the emotional needs that could be met in everyday life.


The Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) makes an attempt to assess which of the Early Maladaptive Schemas a patient probably has. The YSQ has both a long form and short form versions available.


What are the advantages of long form of YSQ?

There are two main advantages of the long form. The data collected from shorter form by researchers is used in future to study and compare with other data in future. More importantly for clinical purposes long form contains items reflecting more subtle nuances of each schema.


What are the advantages of short form YSQ?

The advantages for using short form version is that it can be administered faster, and it is more pure factorial as it contains 5 high loading items and helpful to do research studies. 



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