Viscose or more commonly known as Rayon, was made to substitute for the more expensive silk fiber. Though rayon is considered to be synthetic it is made from tree cellulose. It was first manufactured by an American Company named, Avtex Fibers Inc in 1910. There are different kinds of rayons, and most of them are highly absorbent, easy to dye, soft on the skin and became very popular when it was first produced.
Viscose is soft, absorbent and feels comfortable when worn on the skin. Viscose is used in the preparation of shirts, trousers, diapers, napkins, towels and many other products. Viscous fiber material is present in many home products. Viscose material is softer than cotton and more springy than silk. Viscose is comfortable to wear and it can be used for dying as well. There are two types of fibers namely natural and artificial. Natural fibers are cotton, wool and silk and artificial are synthesized with petrochemicals like nylon and polyester.
Viscose comes under both of them as the raw material used for viscose is cellulose which is broken down and forms fibers. Cotton consists of 90% cellulose, so viscose is considered a natural fiber. Viscose is used in making cellophane. Cellophanes are often used in wrapping gifts and food items etc. To prepare the cellophanes it undergoes a special process during which the wood cellulose is mixed with sodium hydroxide and carbon disulphide. Viscose is not expensive and used as a cheaper alternative to silk. Manufacturing of Viscose has created a lot of pollution due to carbon disulfide used in the preparation of viscose and so, this has resulted the reduction in the usage of viscose. Moreover with modern technology much richer fabrics have been created thus diminishing its use.