# How to use Saponification Chart?

A Saponification chart is used to help with  the preparation of soap, to know the exact amounts of caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) or lye required. For making soap multiply the number of grams of oils or fats by the figure stated and this will give you the exact amount of sodium hydroxide to saponify it.

Content

• Number of grams of oils/fats * 0.134 = Lye or sodium hydroxide  to be added
• Ex : 150 gms of sunflower oil or olive oil  * 0.134  =  20.1 grams od Lye /Sodiumhydroxide

Note which hydroxide you are using. That total is the amount of lye (sodium hydroxide) needed. If using a combination of oils, multiply for each and add all the sums for a total of all the fats.

• Example for Bar Soap: 32 ozs. of olive oil * 0.134=4.28 ozs of lye needed.
• To calculate water/liquid: Use 6 ozs of liquid per pound (16 ozs) of fat.
• Ex: 32 ozs of total fats / 16= 2 * 6 =12 oz of liquid.

### Saponification Chart:

 Oil Sodium hydroxide Potassium hydroxide Oil Sodium hydroxide Potassium hydroxide Apricot Kernel 0.1350 0.1890 Maize 0.1360 0.1904 Arachis 0.1360 0.1904 Mink 0.1400 0.1960 Avacado 0.1330 0.1862 Mustard 0.1241 0.1737 Babassu, brazil nut 0.1750 0.2450 Neat’s foot 0.1359 0.1902 Beef hoof 0.1410 0.1974 Neem 0.1387 0.1941 Bees wax, white 0.0690 0.0966 Niger seed 0.1355 0.1897 Brazil nut 0.1750 0.2450 Nutmeg butter 0.1160 0.1624 Butter fat, Cow 0.1619 0.2266 Olium olivate 0.1340 0.1876 Canola 0.1240 0.1736 Palm butter 0.1560 0.2184 Butter fat, Goat 0.1672 0.2340 Olive 0.1340 0.1876 Castor 0.1286 0.1800 Palm Kernel 0.1560 0.2184 Chicken fat 0.1389 0.1944 Palm 0.1410 0.1974 Chinese bean 0.1350 0.1890 Peanut 0.1360 0.1904 Cocoa butter 0.1370 0.1918 Perilla 0.1369 0.1916 Coconut 0.1900 0.2660 Poppy seed 0.1383 0.1936 Cod liver 0.1326 0.1856 Pumpkin seed 0.1331 0.1863 Coffee seed 0.1300 0.1820 Ramic 0.1240 0.1736 Colza 0.1240 0.1736 Rape 0.1240 0.1736 Corn 0.1360 0.1904 Rape seed 0.1240 0.1736 Cotton seed 0.1386 0.1940 Rice bran 0.1280 0.1792 Earth nut 0.1360 0.1904 Ricinus 0.1286 0.1800 Flax seed 0.1357 0.1899 Safflower 0.1360 0.1904 Florence, aka Olive 0.1340 0.1876 Sesame seed 0.1330 0.1862 Gigely tree 0.1330 0.1862 Shea butter 0.1280 0.1792 Goose fat 0.1369 0.1916 Shortening(Veg 0.1360 0.1904 Grape seed 0.1265 0.1771 Soybean 0.1330 0.1890 Hazel nut 0.1356 0.1898 Sunflower seed 0.1340 0.1876 Hemp seed 0.1345 0.1883 Sweet oil 0.1340 0.1876 Java cotton 0.1370 0.1918 Tallow, Bear 0.1390 0.1946 Jojoba 0.0690 0.0966 Tallow, Beef 0.1405 0.1967 Kapok 0.1370 0.1918 Tallow, Chinese vegetable 0.1345 0.1883 Karite Butter (Shea) 0.1280 0.1792 Tallow, Deer 0.1379 0.1930 Katchung 0.1360 0.1904 Tallow goat 0.1383 0.1936 Kukui nut 0.1350 0.1890 Tallow, Sheep 0.1383 0.1936 Lanolin 0.0741 0.1037 Teal/Teel/Til 0.1330 0.1862 Lard 0.1380 0.1932 Theobroma 0.1370 0.1918 Linseed 0.1357 0.1899 Tung 0.1377 0.1927 Loccu 0.1340 0.1876 Walnut 0.1353 0.1894

Know the exact amount of sodium hydroxide used because if you use it too much it can burn your skin and if it is too less, your soap will have excess fat that can make soap rancid.

External References