Scrapbooking is a method for preserving personal and family history in the form of a scrapbook, a book with blank pages used for mounting and preserving mementos. A typical scrapbook includes photographs, printed media, and artwork, extracts cut from books and papers may also be pasted. Scrapbook albums are often decorated and many times contain extensive journaling. The more creative and resourceful the person, the better the pages of a scrapbook.
Historically, scrapbooking was a tradition similar to storytelling, but with a visual and tactile focus. The earliest known reference on Scrap booking is in 1598. But it is believed that the use of notebooks to collect information started much earlier during the time of Aristotle and Cicero and their pupils used this earliest form of the scrapbook for philosophical, religious, and rhetorical discussions. This kind of scrapbooking was also seen during the Renaissance period. In 1826, scrap booking became a huge craze with the publication of John Poole's 'Manuscript Gleanings and Literary Scrapbook.
The term ‘scrap’ was derived just a few years earlier because of the bright pieces of paper left over from a printing job, or scrap, that people had begun to paste into their albums for decorative purposes. With the invention of photography the art of scrap booking changed forever. One of the biggest supporters of scrap booking during the late 1800s was the author, Mark Twain. He loved scrap booking and devoted his entire Sundays to the creation of his personal memories. He has also patented a series of scrapbooks in 1872 to be sold by Brentano's Literary Emporium in NYC through the Montgomery Ward catalog.
Marielen Christensen of Spanish Fork, Utah is often credited with turning scrapbooking into the actual industry--meaning stores that officially sell and manufacture scrap booking supplies, which did not exist before. She began designing creative pages for her family's photo memories and inserting them into protected sheet scrapbooks. By 1980, she had assembled over fifty volumes and was invited to display them at the World Conference on Records in Salt Lake City. Marielen and her husband AJ have authored a book on scrapbooking and have also opened a store for the same.
The hobby of scrapbooking is gaining popularity with the strong social network that scrapbooking can provide. The people who pursue this as a hobby are known as "scrappers" or "scrapbookers". Scrap bookers meet at their homes or at a local scrapbook store, scrapbooking conventions to exchange ideas and do projects together. The people attending scrap booking retreats not only share ideas also have fun as a social outlet. These events are also referred to as "crop," ( cropping or trimming print photographs). The scrapbooking retreat industry has gained popularity over the years and doubled in size between 2001 and 2004 to a $2.5 billion market. There were over 1,600 companies creating scrapbooking products by 2003 and Creative Memories, a home-based business of scrapbooking supplies that was founded in 1987, had about $425 million in retail sales in the year 2004.
There are no hard and fast rules to scrapbooking. This is an art form and it depends on a persons creativity and the resources available. Some people may use a variety of embellishments to add to the design. This can give an effective look and can include small, two-dimensional items such as ticket stubs from the theater,or news paper clippings. Brads or eyelets can be used instead of tape or glue, pictures or papers can be used to decorate them. Other items such as stickers, decorated die cuts and flowers ( dried, and artificial) can also be used. Moreover, various weekend scrabooking retreats offer a variety of items to use while making your project more creative and beautiful. Generally, the focus of the page is the photograph or photographs. The page is then decorated and embellished with items according to the creator's imagination.