Tibetan Medicine is a centuries-old traditional medicine system native to Tibet almost 2500 years old. Any old medicine system like Tibetan Medicine develops from experience and similar is the case here. Experience formed the basis of healing. Both the state of mind and physical being are taken into consideration while healing, so its not a surprise to see that buddhist principles of karma, ignorance, aversion, attachment, altruism and ethics have been incorporated into Tibetan Medicine’s central ideas. Traditional Tibetan medicine system emphasizes use of various herbs, behavior modification therapies, inhalation therapy, diet, acupuncture and massage. Tibetan herbs and concoctions are extensively used to cure a wide variety of diseases, ranging from the common cold to digestive disorders and even cancer.
The Traditional Tibetan medical system is based on Ayurveda (India),Unani (Persia), and Chinese medical systems. Tibetan medicine evolved through the centuries. The Traditional Tibetan Medical System was first introduced in Tibet during the reign of Namri Songsten (the 32nd King of Tibet, 570 to 618 AD). Some scholars contend that the ascription of "rgyud bzhi" was dictated by Lord Buddha, while others give credit to High Lama "Yuthok Yontan Gonpo ( 708 AD)."
The Tibetan medical system is based on the balance between three constituents of the human body namely mKhris-pa (pronounced as Tree-pa or Bile), rLüng (pronounced as Loong), and bad-kan (pronounced as Pay-gen) are necessary for maintaining good health.
Precious pills are classic formulations. They constitute blend of different beneficial Tibetan herbs and metals. Precious pills are prescribed to heal chronic disorders, including gastro-intestinal cramps, blood diseases, nerve problems, arthritis, contagious fever, and allergies. Precious pill are to be taken on auspicious occasions such as full and new moon days. A large number of herbal ingredients such Myristica fragrans Houtt, Oxtropis sp., Delphinium brunonianum Royle, Berberis aristata D.C., Myricaia bracteata Royle, Frittelaria delavayi Franch and Terminalia chebula retz are also used in the pill. Precious metals and gems such as silver, iron, coral and turquoise are also used in precious pills for purification of the toxic contents.
Nutmeg or Myristica fragrans is the key Tibetan herb used in the preparation of the precious pill” Rinchen Jumar Nyernga”. Nutmeg comes from evergreen trees commercially grown in the Caribbean Islands, Penang Island in Malaysia and Kerala, in southern India. This Tibetan herb is rich in several volatile oils such as limonene, l-terpineol, d-borneol, d-pinene, safrol, geraniol, and myristicin. It is a strong sedative and stimulant. Nutmeg helps to lower temporarily high blood pressure. Nutmeg concoctions are prescribed to treat diarrhea and stomach ailments.
Juniperus macropoda is widely known as “pencil cedar”. This Tibetan herb is one of the most used medicinal plants in Tibetan medicine. Pencil cedar is a coniferous plant belonging to the cypress family Cupressaceae. These slow-growing trees are found in the dry areas of the Himalayan Mountains. J. macropoda has a reddish bark, needle-like leaves and cone-shaped berries. The fruits are packed isoflavone glycosides (antioxidants). Tibetan medicine practitioner prescribes this Tibetan herb for rheumatic and painful swelling. Juniper twigs is the key ingredient in traditional Tibetan incense
Rhodiola rosea is commonly known as Golden Root. This perennial Tibetan herb grows well in the high altitudes on rocky slopes. This adaptogenic Tibetan herb is packed with several active components such as rhodioloside, tyrosol, rosavin, rosarin, rosin salidroside and phenolic antioxidants (including chlorogenic acid, quercetin, proanthocyanidins, gallic acid and kaempferol). This precious Tibetan herb helps to boost appetite, regulate estrus cycle, facilitate weight gain, and reduce fatigue. It is a natural energizer which enhances mental ability.
Hippophae rhamnoides or sea-buckthorn belongs to the Elaeagnaceae family. This deciduous shrub grows well in the high altitudes of Tibet. Scientific studies have revealed that the fruits of sea buckthorn are packed with vitamin C and flavonoids. Hippophae has anti-tumor, immunomodulatory, tissue regeneration, radioprotective, cytoprotective, anti-stress, hepatoprotective, anti-atherogenic, anti-microbial properties. Active constituents combat against carcinogens; promote bone marrow production of red blood cells; reduce cholesterol, and allergic reactions. The oil extracted from Hippophae seed is found to be rich in essential fatty acids and vitamin E. It is prescribed for the treatment of burns and wounds.
Koelpinia Linearis Pallas is a green plant commonly found in the Southern slopes of Khadtse and the barley fields of Tibet. It yields a claw-shaped fruit. The whole plant is used in to treat arthritic inflammation, gastrointestinal ailments, lymphatic disease, bone fractures, and abdominal bloating.