Broken blood vessels are visible enlarged blood vessels that appear on the face and also on the other parts of the body. They are also referred to as spider veins or thread veins and they look like red, bluish or purple hairline marks. Broken blood vessels are fine, red veins that are usually formed on the nose, chin or cheeks. Generally, these vessels appear as a result of aging, genetics, pregnancy, child birth, taking birth control pills, estrogen replacement therapy, sun damage and rosacea. Fundamentally, the skin has been damaged in such a way that it causes the blood vessel beneath the surface to crack. Mostly, broken blood vessels are due to falls or accidents that led to bruising. Although broken blood vessels usually heal on their own, there are certain things one can do to speed up the healing process.
How does a broken blood vessel occur?
Broken blood vessels are caused when a clot forms and makes the blood vessel bulge from the added pressure. As the blood passes by the clot, it causes the blood vessel itself to bulge from the added pressure. Gradually, the vessel is weakened and it breaks. When the blood vessel becomes weakened it can ultimately break open, causing blood to escape. This can occur in both small blood vessels and large arteries. A ruptured blood vessel in the eye is when this occurs in the small blood vessels of the eye. The result is either a red spot or redness all over the whole eye. These small blood vessels in the eye are susceptible to rupture because of their size. Ruptured blood vessels can be very painful. Blood vessels can also break due to the effects of injury or trauma. Broken blood vessels may occur without a person having any recollection of trauma. This is often the case for people who bruise easily, for example, in aged people. The skin of the elderly people loses flexibility, and bruises more easily as they age. Broken blood vessels are also more common among women than men. Although broken blood vessels are more common as we get older, blood spots can happen at any age, and their causes are difficult to recognize. Scrubbing the face too vigorously or washing with water that's too hot can harm it. So can excessive exposure to the sun. Facial injuries can also lead to broken capillaries.
The first is fairly common bruising which can appear like a purplish welt.
The other is a blood spot which can appear under the skin and has the appearance of a red spreading of You do not have access to view this node, just under the You do not have access to view this node.
How to treat a broken blood vessel at home?
There are some home remedies for broken blood vessel treatment. Here are some treatments one can do to treat the broken blood vessels at home:
Treating with Essential Oil: One can treat the broken blood vessel with some essential oil. Mix ten drops of 100 percent pure essential rose or chamomile oil with 4 ounces of moisturizer. Then apply it to the affected area 2-3 times daily.
Applying a cold compress to the area will help a lot. One can keep an ice pack or a washcloth soaked in ice water on the area for just about 5 minutes. Then, it is removed for 5 minutes and then the process can be repeated. The cold temperature will aid to decrease inflammation and redness. It will also soothe the skin and ease pain.
It is vital to be patient with the broken blood vessel. Broken blood vessel will heal on its own. However, the duration may take time. Usually, a broken blood vessel will go away within 2 to 3 weeks. There is no enduring damage from a popped blood vessel. Hence, the skin should return to its normal condition soon.
Topical Vitamin C and K treatment: Search for different moisturizers that are rich in Vitamin K and another one that is rich in Vitamin C. Apply the Vitamin C cream to the affected area before bed and let it absorb for a few minutes. Then apply the Vitamin K cream to the affected area and leave it on overnight. Vitamin K preserves the blood vessels flexible and healthy. Consequently, it is generally used to help heal broken blood vessels.
Concealer: Using a green concealer will help in concealing the broken capillary redness. One can try wearing it under the make up foundation.
Blood thinners: Blood thinner, also known as an anti-coagulant can be used to stop platelets from forming clots. Platelets (thrombocytes) are colorless cells in the blood that help blood clot. Platelets clump together and form plugs in blood vessel holes to stop blood loss. Taking certain supplements and foods such as foods with high amounts of salicylates, supplements containing vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil are known to thin blood. Nuts, most fruits, spices such as oregano, cinnamon, paprika, licorice, ginger, turmeric, peppermint, dill, thyme, as well as curry powder and cayenne pepper are all rich in salicylates.
What are the medical treatments for a broken blood vessel?
There are two medical treatments for broken blood vessels You do not have access to view this node. They are:
Sclerotherapy: Sclerotherapy is a simple procedure which is performed at the doctor’s office. It involves having a sclerosing solution injected into the veins, which makes them shrink. The broken blood vessels will dissolve after a few weeks, and they will be naturally absorbed into the body. After doing sclerotherapy, one should see a fast progression in the appearance and healing of the popped blood vessel.
Laser therapy: Laser therapy is a quite different procedure. It involves having a specialized instrument light focused into the spider vein area. The treatment(s) are done on small, spot-size areas using Nd: YAG laser with a pulse width of 20 ms or higher. The laser light aims the darker pigmentation of the popped blood vessel, breaking it up and reabsorbing it back into the body. It is the power of the concentrated light that removes the broken blood vessels which then become absorbed in the blood stream. The laser repair process is a gradual one, and moreover, a small cluster of thread veins may need only one You do not have access to view this node, a bigger one might need several sessions.
How to prevent broken blood capillaries?
In order to prevent future outbreaks of broken capillaries and to reduce the redness of existing broken capillaries, a dermatologist may recommend using a topical antioxidant daily, along with a zinc oxide or parasol-based sunscreen. Patients will likely be given retinol to use at night.
A dermatological treatment called the Broken Capillary Management and Laser Preparation Treatment is also available. This is available for normal to dry skin and for combination to oily skin. The treatment helps in preventing capillaries from breaking. It reduces redness while helping thicken the dermis layer to improve skin's resistance to damage. It is used in combination with laser treatments to help reduce the chances of post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation.
One should be gentle while cleaning the face. A good foaming cleanser which cleans deeply and gently without aggravating capillaries should be used. In addition, one can add antioxidant daily face protectant with an SPF 30 can be used to moisturize and protect the skin against UV damage, which can thin the dermis. Patients can also use an anti-inflammatory, anti-aging moisturizer.
The tiny veins just under the surface of the skin are delicate. Damaging these veins may cause them to dilate and break. Once broken, the veins remain that way and will not constrict back to their normal thickness or repair themselves. So, it is vital to take care of the skin in the first place.