Occupational Therapy is the evaluation and treatment of physical and psychiatric conditions using particular, determined activity to stop disability and improve independent function in all parts of everyday life. Occupational therapy is offered for infants through adolescents to assess and treat fine motor skills, visual-perceptual skills, cognitive skills, and sensory-processing impairments. Occupational therapy for children helps them with a physical, sensory, or cognitive disability in performing daily activities like brushing their teeth or putting on shoes and socks. etc. Occupational therapy aids children with special needs to be as independent as possible or helps a child who goes back to school after a long sickness or severe injury. A few occupational therapists assist children to create alternate ways to play well-liked games they might miss due to their sickness or injury. Others work with kids who need help with their handwriting or in improving learning methods.
A few people may think that occupational therapy is only for adults, as children, do not have job. However a child's most important job is playing and learning and an occupational therapist can assess a child's skills for play activities, performance at school, and everyday activities and compare them with what is developmentally appropriate for that age group.
Occupational therapy practitioners convey knowledge and proficiency to properly tackle children’s needs and work together with parents and other members of the team to:
Treatment may last a short period or a long time, depending upon the speed in the progress of a child. A few kids find their requirements change as they get older or change schools. They go back to the occupational therapist to figure out new ways of dealing with problems or to learn a new skill. Kids can help accelerate the treatment by following the instructions of their occupational therapist.
Occupational therapists help set precise goals for the children with autism. Often, these goals involve social interaction, behavior, and classroom performance. The therapist monitors the child with autism to see if he/she can do tasks that are expected to do at his/her age. These might relate to certain self-help skills, for instance, brushing teeth, how to play a game, etc. At times, the therapist videotapes a child throughout the normal course of the day. This will help the occupational therapist to evaluate what is needed for care.
Occupational therapy services for young children are provided through a variety of agencies and programs, including hospitals, pediatric outpatient centers, Head Start programs, home health agencies, child care, and early intervention and preschool programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). A team method is used to find put the requirement for occupational therapy services under IDEA. Occupational therapy practitioners work together with teachers and parents to predict the child’s goals and find out the services, supports, therapy, and place needed to accomplish those aims. When the team concludes that therapy is essential for the child to achieve his or her goals, occupational therapy should be included in the child’s programming.