A Hip bath also known as a sitz bath is one of the most useful types of hydrotherapy. This form of treatment involves covering a person’s lower abdomen, buttocks, and upper thighs with enough water. A special type of tub is used for the purpose. The reason for this is so the patient can sit with only the hips and buttocks thus receiving full benefits of the bath. Using a sitz bath is a well-liked hemorrhoid home treatment choice. It is a basin made of ceramic or plastic materials. It is used in treating various conditions, such as post childbirth injuries and bruising or hemorrhoids. The bath is large enough for a person to sit inside it comfortably and its walls are tall enough to keep the hips covered with water. Some of these hip baths let a person to constantly add warm water, preventing it from getting cold and redirecting the overflow into the toilet.
The tub is oval in shape. One end of the tub is lifted so that the patient can rest his back against it. This is the ideal tub for taking a hip bath. Usually, the tub for a hip-bath should be about 30 inches (75 cm) long and 20-22 inches (50 cm) wide.
A hip bath can be taken from 10 to 20 minutes. People who are very thin should not take hip bath more than 10 minutes and the people who are not thin can continue for 20 minutes.
During winter the duration of the hip bath should be reduced by about 25 percent.
Initially, hip bath should be taken only for a minute or two. Gradually, the time can be increased to 10 or 20 minutes. The special tub is filled with water at 64 - 77 ° F. The level of the water should be adjusted in such a way that it touches a person’s navel when they sit in it.
After drinking a glass of warm water, the patient can sit in the tub. The patient’s feet should be outside the tub and abdomen thighs must be submerged in the water. One can rest back against the lifted portion of the tub and remain in that position.
With a rough towel the abdomen is rubbed from the right to the left. This action is done gently so that the skin is not scraped.
Hot Hip Bath
The patient should drink one glass of cold water.
A cold compress should be kept on the head.
Cold Hip Bath
Neutral Hip Bath
Alternate Hip Bath
This bath is also called as “revulsive hip bath”.
Hot hip bath: A hot hip bath helps to relieve painful menstruation, pain in the pelvic organs, painful urination, inflamed rectum or bladder and painful piles. It also benefits enlarged prostatic gland, painful contractions or spasm of the bladder, sciatica, neuralgia of the ovaries and bladder.
Cold hip bath: Cold hip bath relieves constipation, indigestion, obesity and helps the eliminative organs to function properly. It is also helpful in uterine problems like irregular menstruation, chronic uterine infections, pelvic inflammation, piles, hepatic congestion, chronic congestion of the prostate gland, seminal weakness, impotency, sterility, uterine and ovarian displacements, dilation of the stomach and colon, diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhage of the bladder and so on.
Neutral hip bath: The neutral hip bath aid to relieve all acute and sub-acute inflammatory conditions such as acute catarrh of the bladder and urethra and sub-acute inflammations in the uterus, ovaries and tubes. It also relieves neuralgia of the fallopian tubes or testicles, painful spasms of the vagina and prorates of the anus and vulva. In addition, it is a sedative treatment for ‘erotomanis’ in both sexes.
Alternate hip bath: This bath relieves constant inflammatory conditions of the pelvic viscera, for example, salpingitis, ovaritis, cellulitis and different neuralgias of the genito-urinary organs, sciatica and lumbago.