Pores are generally the tiny openings on the surface of the skin where the oil glands and sweat glands are accessed. The oil glands are generally at the bottom of the pores and a tunnel is raised on the exterior part of the skin which is the noticeable part of the pores. Pores may tend to become larger and can be more visible because of oil, sweat, dirt, makeup and dead skin which are gathered inside the tiny openings and later stretched to bigger pores. Pores are larger when the skin is dilated, infected or blocked with oil. There are no ways to shrink the pores completely however they can be made less noticeable. These pores play a vital role in the overall functioning of the skin.
These are the small openings on the skin surface through which all secretions and proteins reach the skins surface, even the hair follicles come out through these pores. The pores play a vital role in penetration of skin products into the skin and secretions. Proper penetration of the skin products is done through only pores.
The concentration of pores is more in the areas of sweat like armpits, palms and soles of the feet. And on the face the maximum pores are at the chin, cheeks and around the nose. People with oily skin have more pores than the normal or dry skin.
Genetic factors and age also contribute to the pores. People with naturally thick and oily skin are much prone to larger pores. As we grow old, sun exposure and decrease in skin elasticity are also the reasons to widen the pores. When the dirt and bacteria are jammed the oil within the pores starts to buildup making the pores diameter much bigger. Blackheads are also the contributor of these pores.
Wash the face three times a day with a gentle soap.
Avoid using oil based products.
Regularly remove blackheads.
Use exfoliating face wash.
Use astringents containing acetone or alcohol that act as skin toners.
Firstly clean and wash your skin regularly due to which excessive oil and bacteria can be removed from the pores. Use a gentle cleanser and regularly exfoliate your skin
Vitamin C face wash enables to shrink the pores by taking out the dirt and oil.
Apply the almond paste on the face and wash it with warm water it will shrink the pores and then apply astringents such as witch hazel or apple cider vinegar in water.
Another remedy to shrink the pores is to apply butter milk by adding some salt and let it remain for 15min and wash with warm water.
For large pores shrinking for one cup of rose water take half the quantity of cucumber juice and one tablespoon of lemon juice.
Also apply lemon juice and brewer yeast paste on the face and wash it off with lukewarm water.
Use scrubs such as oats, orange peel, ground almonds, rose petals that remove the dead skin and dirt by deep cleansing.
Exfoliation also helps in reducing the appearance of larger pores on the face, carried out by home-made facial scrubs, spa treatments, mild chemical peels or a microdermabrasion treatment. It helps in deep cleansing. You can use exfoliaters like alpha and beta hydroxyl acids like salicylic, lactic and glycolic acids.
Microdermaabrasion is the process where it reduces the pore size by roughening the skin that removes the dead skin that clogs the pores. It helps in collagen production making the skin smooth.
To reduce the pore size laser treatment is also an advisable method which has different effects on the pores and the best method to reduce the size of pores. Doctor’s in aesthetic medicine will perform this treatment.
Visit an Esthetician to maintain good skin, go for regular facials that helps your pores clean and healthy. They do pore reducing exfoliating treatments to keep your pores small and clean.
Do not apply any type of foundation on the pores as they make them look even bigger. Apply blotting powder on the pores as it will diffuse the look of the pores giving a smooth and more matted surface. Apply gels and tinted creams to smoothen the appearance of the pores. Clinique’s Pore Minimizer Instant Perfector is completely invisible on the skin and Perricone’s Pore Refining Concealer contains glycolic acid and antioxidants in a tinted base.