What are Ball and Socket Joints?

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The Skeletal system is made up of bones and joints. Its the bones that give our body the strength and frame work but imagine if we had no joints. Now that does sound funny because it would be really hard to move. Thanks to the joints which are like hinges or levers in our bones which make movement and flexibility possible. Joints give flexibility to our body and help our limbs to move freely. There are different types of joint sin the body some are movable(movable You do not have access to view this node) and some aren't(immovable You do not have access to view this node). Ball and socket You do not have access to view this node are one of the joints which are located in different parts to add more flexibility and mobility.

 

What are the different types of Joints in the human body?

Fibroid You do not have access to view this node : These are the joints which don't move. The skull You do not have access to view this node, pelvis joints are the ones that fall under fibroid You do not have access to view this node.

Cartilaginous joints : These allow for a little movement but not much so as to move them a lot. The joints in the vertebra of the You do not have access to view this node.

Synovial joints: These are the ones with maximum movement.The synovial joint shave fluid between them which allows for lubrication and helps in smooth and more freedom in movement. Hinge joints, ball and socket joints, pivot. ellipsoid, saddle joint are all synovial You do not have access to view this node. Knee You do not have access to view this node, finger You do not have access to view this node, neck are examples of these You do not have access to view this node.

What are ball and socket joints?

These joints are type of multiaxial synovial joints. These joints in between have a lubrication in the form of a sticky and clear fluid which is termed as synovia. Ball and socket joints are also called as spheroidal joints and are made up of ball shaped or rounded head like one bone which fits into the cup like structured cavity of the other You do not have access to view this node. The articulating bone fills the gap in the cavity perfectly and helps the distal bone to be mobile. The common example of ball and socket joints is hip and shoulder You do not have access to view this node.

 

What are the functions of ball and socket joints?

The purpose of every joint is providing mobility to the body. The various joints have different ways of functioning. The ball and socket joints are fully mobile joints and are under the control of ligaments, muscles, and tendons. The bone ends have a tough cartilage covering with lining of synovial membrane. The synovial fluid present in these joints is for protection and for enabling stress- free movement. Ball and socket joints help the body in making swinging and rotating movements. The distal bone can move up to three axes from a common center. The stabilizing ligaments present in these joints put limitations on the extent and direction of the movement of these You do not have access to view this node. Even then, these joints are most mobile joints in our body.

 

What is the role of these joints in human health?

Ball and socket joints are one of the most intricate as well as mobile joints present in our body and are also the most vulnerable to diseases. Common examples are hip or shoulder replacement in which via surgical process, worn out ball and socket joints are replaced with prosthetic joints so that the patient can lead a quality life.

 

What are the disorders and diseases associated with ball and socket joints?

Some of the common disorders and diseases affecting ball and socket You do not have access to view this node are:

  • Inflammatory or degenerative diseases like membranes surrounding the You do not have access to view this node, congenital and generalized disorders, fractures and dislocations are some of the common problems.
  • The main disease which causes pain as well as dysfunction in these joints is Arthritis. Out of its many types the osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are  the major problem causing diseases.
  • Osteoarthritis is known to affect the cartilage present in the joints and is a type of degenerative disease. It is known to cause inflammation in the tissues that surround the ball and socket joints. This type of arthritis is known to create problem with all types of joints. But mostly it occurs in spine, You do not have access to view this node, feet, fingers and You do not have access to view this node.
  • Rheumatiod arthritis also inflames the membrane and the cartilage lining of ball and socket joints and its symptoms include stiffness, pain and warmth, redness, low grade fever and tenderness in the affected part. This type of arthritis is known to create excruciating pain and can even handicap a person.
  • Dislocation of hip or hip dysplasia is caused mostly by an accident or by congenital condition. Usually physical therapy helps to cure this problem.
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