What are Condyloid Joints?

PrintPrintEmailEmailSaveSave
Image Credit: 
http://ovrt.nist.gov
Main Image: 

Joints are very important for the flexibility of our limbs and other organs. Around 206 bones are present in human body out of which condyloid You do not have access to view this node is the one type of the five different categories of synovial movable joints or skeletal articulations. A joint is usually expressed as the articulation or point of movement between two bones or even cartilages. Since condyloid You do not have access to view this node is a type of synovial You do not have access to view this node, it is important to first know about it in detail.

 

What is synovial joint?

Synovial joints are the most abundantly found joints in our body and condyloid joint is atype of synovial joint. These appear like bony couplings and possess six typical characteristics like synovial membrane, joint capsule, articular cartilage, joint cavity, ligaments and articular disks. The bones are hold together by the surrounding joint capsule. The synovial membrane greases the joints by a lubricating fluid present in between the You do not have access to view this node. The space between the bones is cavity and the coupling bones lay against the cushions of articular cartilage. The bones are held together by ligaments and the cartilaginous pads are formed by articular disks, mostly in condyloid You do not have access to view this node (knee You do not have access to view this node).

 

What is condyloid joint?

Some bones contain oval projection at its end which is termed as condyle. This condyle totally fits in the depression or the hollow space of the oppositely placed bone. This is condyloid joint. More elaborately, it can be explained as the position between the oval projection or the condyle of bone and hollow space available in the oppositely placed You do not have access to view this node. This together fits in such a way that movement becomes possible. Although the condyloid joint allows extension, flexion and lateral You do not have access to view this node, it cannot rotate freely.

 

What is the structure of condyloid joint?

Condyloid joint is also termed as ellipsoidal joint. In the hand and phalanges or finger You do not have access to view this node, ovoid shaped condyle coming from one bone settles into the hollow cavity of another You do not have access to view this node. The five metacarpal bones present in a line in each finger of the hand form the most important framework of the palm. These metacarpals move proximally along with the finger bones or the phalanges. The ligament that join these bones are termed as palmar and the dorsal metacarpal ligaments. Due to such arrangement multiple types of movements excluding rotation is possible.

 

What are some examples of condyloid joint?

The condyloid joint is is also known as diarthrotic connection as it allows free movement. The connection between carpal bones or small bones of hand and ulnar bone or the arm bone is an example of condyloid joint. The juncture between the lateral femoral condyles (lower bone of You do not have access to view this node) and medial condyle along with the lower bone of leg or tibja and knee or patella is another example of this type of You do not have access to view this node. Some weaker condyloid joints are wrist and metacarpo-phalangeal joints that are present in fingers.

 

Why are condyloid joints more vulnerable to injury?

Since condyloid joints are made up of small parts, it is more prone to injuries. The common sites of injuries are hands and knee joints which are type of condyloid You do not have access to view this node. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures or the knee cartilage tearing are the common injuries faced by the athletes and sportspersons.

 

External References
Related Videos: 
See video
Related Images: