A “Black box” warning is very severe warning to be found in the labeling of a prescription medication. It id the strict warning declared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that a medication can hold and still continue on the market in the United States of America. Basically, a prescription drug holding this warning on the packaging warns patients that the drug has extremely hazardous side effects. Different countries use different systems to specify the risk and dangerous effects of a particular medicine. Many drug products approved for children have a black box warning. The black box warning may not ban the use of antidepressants in children and adolescents. Instead, it warns of the risk of suicidal thoughts and persuades physicians to fix this risk with appropriate medical requirements.
A black box warning, also known as a “black label warning” or “boxed warning” is named because of the black border around the text of the warning that can be seen on the package insert, label, and other contents explaining about the prescription medicine. Black box warning is the most crucial medication warning given by the FDA.
Based on research of more than 4,600 children who took an antidepressant, it is proved that out of hundred children who use antidepressants, approximately, two to three children are forced to attempt for suicide owing to the medication. The danger of suicidal actions linked with an antidepressant is found in a larger extent in the first four weeks after a patient starts taking the medication. Caregivers or parents of children or young people who start to take an antidepressant must observe for changes that may be warning sign for aggravation of depression or greater risk of suicide, together with anxiety, disturbance, fright attacks, sleeplessness, bad temper, antagonism, impulsivity, irrepressible restlessness and obsession.
Black box warning is given to a drug, if research indicates that the drug can have hazardous or even noxious side effects. Black box warnings are often added on second thoughts, since the consequence of information about a drug which has been exposed in the course of regular usage. The FDA needs the boxed warning to offer a brief review of the bad side effects and dangers linked with taking the medicine. FDA wants the patient and the doctor to be conscious of this information at the time of choosing the drug or while changing to some other medication on the whole.