Gestalt therapy is a therapy that concentrates on the entire person, discovering the unity of the mind, body, and emotions. Gestalt therapy is a holistic, process-oriented, and field hypothetical approach to human transformation with the centrality of contact, awareness, and personal responsiveness and responsibility. Gestalt therapy is a kind of treatment used to intensify the awareness of individuals and their feelings in a less academic way than the more traditional forms of therapy. "Gestalt" means the whole. Gestalt entails completeness. The foundation of Gestalt therapy is the inspiration of how a person’s contact with others is disturbed through a number of activities. The notion in Gestalt therapy is that every one should hold back aspects of themselves as they were not acknowledged or supported. Primarily, Gestalt therapy can help to focus every individuals awareness on their feelings (or lack of feelings) every second to second.
What is the history of Gestalt therapy?
Gestalt therapy is a humanistic approach to psychotherapy originated with a German-Jewish psychoanalyst , Fritz Perls, his wife Laura Perls and Paul Goodman, British politician, in the 1940s and 1950s. In 1952, Fritz and Laura created the first Gestalt Institute. A person named Isadore From became a patient of Fritz, and then Laura. Soon, Fritz made Isadore a trainer, and also gave him some patients. Isadore was famous international for his philosophical and intellectually thorough knowledge on Gestalt therapy. He was considered greatly as the philosopher of first-generation Gestalt therapists. The initial training happened in experiential groups led by both Fritz and Laura is of great importance to understanding the growth of gestalt therapy. As soon as Fritz Perl’s left New York for California, there was a division with those who viewed Gestalt therapy as a therapeutic approach analogous to psychoanalysis. Gestalt therapy was greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, a method of investigation of the mind and the way one thinks and a method of treatment of psychological or emotional illness.
What are the basic principles of Gestalt therapy?
Similar to all psychotherapies, Gestalt therapy is an approach to human transformation. There are various factors that are involved in the Gestalt therapy. Some of them are:
Unfinished business: There is a thought that it is an intrinsic drive of an organism to systematize the field in a way that gestalts reach the end or conclusion. Each incomplete (unclosed) gestalt symbolizes an incomplete state of affairs, which get in the way with the creation of very important gestalt. On every occasion, where conclusion has not been proficient, meddling with free functioning takes place. Instead of growth, there is weakening (wedged points, or stalemates).
Awareness: Awareness is very important for gestalt therapy. Awareness is always deliberate Distinguished by contact, sensing, excitement, and gestalt formation; it is a prejudiced experience, a being in touch with one’s own survival comprehensive of all senses at a specified time. Much of the different awareness can come to the center at unusual times. It is the individual person’s awareness of his/her difficulty within and inclusive of the field that manifest itself in uninterrupted organism’s self-regulation, meaningful growth and long-term transformation.
The paradoxical theory of change: A fundamental principle in Gestalt therapy is the paradoxical theory of change. According to paradoxical theory, endeavor, self-control, or avoidance focused entirely on the upcoming future will not bring about change or transformation. As a first step, one should become truth (themselves) before he/she can move from it (change). Also, if one tries to be different without finding what is true for them, he/she is following someone else’s truth which may not bring about the long-term change to which he/she aims about.
Contact: The spirit of human life is contact, a get-together with different kinds of other people. Every life form is proficient of effectual and satisfying contact with others in their surroundings and follows ways of having contact with others so that the life form can continue to exist and grow to prime of life. Each and every contact is original and lively and, by itself, each experience clarification as a creative change of the organism in the surroundings.
What are the methods of Gestalt therapy?
The major focus of a Gestalt therapist is on contact. Contact is the defining feature of all of the techniques Gestalt therapists use for making a change. The methods of Gestalt therapy encompass essentially five classes:
Thinking on a wider field: Often, a Gestalt therapist works straightforwardly with those fields that comprise and equally affect individuals, for instance a major other (couple’s therapy), families, groups, and/or organizations with the objective of making changes to their internal liveliness in addition to their influence on some other people.
Cognitive reforming: Most often, patients or clients are stick to their belief about their lives that are mistaken, indistinct and packed with disagreements. These have a straight impact on a person’s experience, contact patterns, belief systems and actions. As words disclose what the client thinks and what his/ her guiding supposition and beliefs are, the Gestalt therapist mainly concentrates on the manner in which the language is used with the aim of cognitive reforming when depicted.
Making experiment: Experiments provide the client a possibility to try out, in the protection of the therapeutic circumstances, differences of present behavior with innovative viewpoint on current and past circumstances.
The therapeutic relationship: A genuine, lenient connection between client and Gestalt therapist is the essential for change. Therapist and client create the relationship and allow a figure to materialize from the conversation. Spoken as well as unspoken behavior is well thought-out to be an important part of the encounter to find out together the excellence of experiences, awareness, beliefs and characteristic outline of contact.
Phenomenological method: By means of a phenomenological approach, the Gestalt therapist encourages the client to disclose who he/ she really is and how she behaves in the human race. It is the client, not the therapist, who gives sense to his/her own ways of being. Using a phenomenological method lets the Gestalt therapist to put together some exclusive information of the client to hypothetical builds in relation to his/her own experiences without commanding a specific direction upon the client.
A few practitioners and theorists view Gestalt therapy as being limited in relation to more serious forms of psychological dysfunction, known as the psychoses and those troubles which are explained as “personality disorders”. On the other hand, others, take a contrasting position and declare that Gestalt therapy is chiefly helpful for treating personality disorders. Another most important limitation is associated to the fact that a Gestalt therapist uses his/her own person as a therapeutic medium for change. The eagerness of a Gestalt therapist to be available during the therapeutic contact needs strong individual dedication to put up with to the theory of Gestalt therapy and a greater level of personal perception.