What is Acid Reducer?

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Acid reducer is a substance which decreases the level of acidity in the stomach. It has been observed that excessive acid formation inside the tummy can be fatal. Therefore, one should be careful while eating food. Excessive acid in the body can dampen digestion for protein, vitamins and other nutrients necessary for energizing the body. Common acidity symptoms include burning sensation in the thoracic region associated with physical weakness and mental discomfort. Severe acidity leads to loss of appetite. Many people experience throbbing You do not have access to view this node in the solar plexus region owing to regular intake of acid reducer



How do Acid Reducers work?

There are many functionalities of an acid reducer. It is responsible for rendering flexibility to the muscles, mucus membranes and gastro-intestinal blood vessels. Excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid causes GERD. Acid reducers buffers hydrochloric acid and prevents irritation. It is constituted of potassium and other alkaline-based minerals. Oranges and tomato ketchup/juice are its main sources. Acid reserve is assessed through pH test strip. Urine sample is cultured to determine the acid levels. For proper functioning of the stomach and other organs, this level should be kept under control.




What are the different types of Acid Reducers? 

Doctors prescribe different kinds of acid reducers which has long- lasting effect. Antacid tablet or liquid comes handy to reduce acidity in stomach. H2 blocker is often used. This acid reducer, in the shape of antacid, reduces the risk of infection, caused due to excess secretion of acid. H2 blocker is effective in the removal of symptoms such as heart-burn and diarrhea. The relief and side effects caused by different types of antacids are:

  • Baking soda or Sodium bicarbonate antacids such as Alka-Seltzer and Bromo Seltzer should not be taken if you have hypertension or are advised salt restricted diet
  •  Tums and Alka-Mints are types of calcium carbonate antacids and many times are recommended as calcium supplement. It is known to cause constipation in some patients. 
  • Antacids such as Amphoje that contain aluminium as its base are comparatively less potent and  affects very slowly. It is known to cause constipation and should not be used by women past menopause phase.
  • Magnesium based antacids such as Phillips' Milk of Magnesia can cause diarrhea
  • Antacids that are prepared with a blend of aluminium and magnesium such as Maalox, Mylanta, and Riopan cause less side effects than other antacids
  • Antacids having alginic acid such as Gaviscon  with their floating agents float on the stomach and restrict the stomach juices from getting in contact with the oesophagus

H2 Blockers are primarily used for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease and esophagitis and are combined with antibiotics for treating peptic ulcers. The different types H2 blockers are:

  • Zantac (ranitidine)
  • Pepcid (famotidine)
  • Tagamet (cimetidine)
  • Axid (nizatidine)   




What is a Proton Pump inhibitor? 

Proton pump inhibitor has long term effects on stomach acid.  Although more powerful compared to H2 blocker, it performs well acid reducer and lasts longer. It is a combination of medications that are used to reduce stomach and intestinal acids. These acid reducers are mostly prescribed to treat people suffering from GERD, digestive disorders and uclers of stomach and intestine.  Acid is produced by the stomach to break down the food and enable proper digestion. Sometimes due to wrong eating habits or prolonged  intake of medications, the acid exceeds the normal limit and starts irritating the duodenum and the lining of the stomach. This can lead to ulcers and indigestion. Proton Pump inhibitor controls the production of stomach acid by shutting down the proton pump system located inside the stomach. Proton pump is a type of molecule present in some cells of the stomach and pump the acid into it.




What are the natural remedies for Acid Reflux? 

There are several natural acid reducers namely Garlicin and Prolipamy which contain extract of garlic and other eco-friendly enzymes beneficial in safeguarding the health of abdomen.  Since prolonged use of acid reducers can cause health problems, using natural remedies to control acid production in the stomach is a better option. Some changes in dietary habits can improve the acid balance in the body. If you notice that eating certain food items regularly cause acidity then simply avoiding those food items can control your acidity to some extent. Sleeping with elevated head in bed or retiring couple of hours after dinner helps to control acid production. Dishes having spicy ingredients such as hot pepper or citrus fruits like grapefruit or oranges ,  caffeine and alcohol trigger off acid production in stomach.  Avoid eating fast foods and fatty foods. Drinking apple cider vinegar diluted with water helps to curb acid production as it is alkaline in nature.

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