Extroverts or extraverts are an important type of human personality among introverts and ambiverts . In fact more than half of the human population is termed as ambiverts, having a balance of the traits of extroverts and introverts. Extroverts belong to the personality type which is characterized by gregariousness and friendly interaction with people. They are more interested in the happenings of the outside world and love to express their opinions and exchange notes with others on various aspects of life.
It was Carl Jung who first popularized the concepts of introversion and extraversion while developing theories of human personality. The subsequent theories of personality, which basically revolve around these traits, include Cattell’s 16 personality factors, the four temperaments, the Big Five Personality traits, Eysenck’s three-factor model, Socionics, Myers Briggs Type Indicator, and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. According to Carl Jung’s analytical psychology every person has both the traits of extroversion and introversion, the difference being that one of these personality traits may be more dominant in individuals. All the same people do not always behave according to their behavior type all the time.
Extroverts are social beings always on the look out for excitement. They are outgoing and do not hesitate to assert their needs. They are predominantly occupied with activities ‘outside the self’ and crave for human interactions. Extroverts are essentially talkative, sociable and enthusiastic in dealing with people in general. They love to take initiative and plunge into action. They can make friends easily and often adapt to new environments without any problem. Extroverts are open and do not hesitate to share their thoughts with others. It is easier to get to know an extrovert as they do not hesitate to lay bare their feelings and thoughts.
The basic difference between the two personality types is that Extroverts are influenced by the objective world while Introverts are influenced by the subjective world. Introverts are less sociable and a lot more reserved. They may have few friends and are content in their company. Introverts appear as loners but the truth is that it is their choice of social preference. As such an introvert may not necessarily be shy but he prefers to restrict his social activities. Extroverts, on the other hand are characterized by their innate nature of being social and their need to interact with others to energize themselves.
Extraversion is seen as a socially desirable trait in Western society. Research studies claim that extroverted people enjoy a greater level of happiness as compared to the other personality types. Extroverts readily experience positive emotions and enjoy a higher level of self-esteem. Extroverts love crowds and are comfortable being the focus of attention. Extroverts get their energy from their surroundings and interaction with other people. They are receptive to their environment and readily take part in community events, public demonstrations and social gatherings. Extroverts love to spend time with others and hence would flourish in careers that are oriented towards people such as team work, leadership roles, and sales among others.