What are the British Crown Jewels?

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The term Crown Jewels refers collectively to the royal regalia and attire worn by the British monarch at the coronation ceremony and state functions. The Crown Jewels include the crowns, scepters, orbs, rings, swords, dalmatic, spurs, armill, royal globe and many other objects used for the coronation ceremony. The  You do not have access to view this node have occupied an important place in the history of British monarchy for over thousand years, symbolizing the power of the monarchy and seen as a blessing from God.

The term Crown Jewels refers collectively to the royal regalia and attire worn by the British monarch at the coronation ceremony and state functions. The Crown Jewels include the crowns, scepters, orbs, rings, swords, dalmatic, spurs, armill, royal globe and many other objects used for the coronation ceremony. The  British Crown Jewels have occupied an important place in the history of British monarchy for over thousand years, symbolizing the power of the monarchy and seen as a blessing from God. The Sovereigns who used the royal items believed that they were conferred the Divine Right to rule by God.

 

 

What is the Significance of the British  Crown Jewels?

The British Crown Jewels contain symbolic objects known as the Regalia, used during the Coronation ceremonies of the Kings and Queens in United Kingdom. The regalia consists of Crowns, scepters, bracelets, robes, swords, orbs and other items used for the coronation service. The  You do not have access to view this node contain many crowns which are used by every monarch while many are made exclusively for the Queens Consort or the Sovereign. The crown made for the King usually has a pointed arched top while the Queen’s crown has a bowed top. Interestingly, the Regalia is used even to this day and have a specific part in the various rituals of the coronation ceremony.

 

 

What is the Orb as a Crown Jewel?

The Orb occupies a significant place in the British Crown Jewels. It  is a golden globe with a cross at the top, encrusted with diamonds and dates back to 1661 when it was made for the coronation ceremony of Charles II. It is held by the monarch in his left hand during the ceremony and symbolizes the world being ruled by Christianity. The diamond encrusted cross surmounted on the Orb indicates the monarch’s role as the ‘Defender of the Earth’. In 1689 a smaller orb was made to be used during the joint coronation ceremony of William III and Mary II.

 

 

Which is the oldest item in the English Crown Jewels?

A gold anointing spoon used for massaging in the 12th century is the oldest piece from the Regalia collection of You do not have access to view this node. The Kings and Queens used this spoon for applying holy oil in those days. The Pre-Civil War Regalia which was fought during 1649-50 had nearly destroyed all the other royal jewelries. Apart from the golden spoon, the three coronation swords made from steel viz. the swords of Temporal Justice, Spiritual Justice and Mercy are the only pieces that survived the war and are displayed at the Tower.

 

 

Which are the famous Crowns of the Crown Jewels?

The St Edward’s Crown is the principal crown of the Regalia, with which the Archbishop of Canterbury crowns the new sovereign. The crown weighs 2.23 kg and is made of gold and encrusted with precious stones such as sapphires, amethysts, tourmalines, citrines and topazes. The crown was last used on 2 June 1953 to crown Queen Elizabeth II. The Imperial State Crown is the famous crown re-made in 1937 for the coronation of King George VI, the Queen’s father. The crown was set with more than three thousand precious gems all taken from the old Imperial Crown. The gemstones used in the crown include the Black Prince’s Ruby, the Second Star of Africa, St. Edward’s sapphire, Stuart Sapphire, and Queen Elizabeth’s Pearls. The Imperial State Crown is traditionally worn by the monarch while leaving Westminster Abbey, at the end of the coronation ceremony. The crown is also worn on important occasions such as the ‘State Opening of Parliament’.

 

 

Where are the Crown Jewels Kept?

The Crown Jewels are kept at the Jewel House located in the Tower of London and can be viewed by the public. Previously they were at the Westminster Abbey from where it was stolen but most of the jewels were recovered. After the coronation ceremony of Charles II, the crown jewels were kept locked and shown to the others on the payment of a fee to the custodian. But this practice was done away with when one of the viewers, Colonel Thomas Blood tried to overpower the custodian in a futile attempt to take away the Crown Jewels. Since 1303 the Crown Jewels have been displayed in the Tower of London where it is safely guarded by armed personnel.  

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