Neck pain is a common problem. However, it is not necessary that this discomfort arises only due to muscular tightness in the neck. Many a times, neck pain occurs to due abnormalities in the spinal cord. Neck pain may also arise from many other physical and emotional health issues. Cervicalgia is a type of neck pain. Patients experience persistent or constant physical discomfort. Cervicalgia affects the nerves emanating from the cervical vertebrae. A sharp burning pain spreads throughout the upper back. Our neck muscles not only hold our head but also help to move it. Human head approximately weighs 4.5kg which exerts an enormous stress on the neck. The neck muscles become vulnerable to pain and stiffness. Sharp movements or poor posture can cause a stiff neck and result in cervicalgia. Sleeping in a position that's not natural or holding the neck in one position for prolonged periods can strain the neck muscles. Bad posture while sitting, working, walking, and standing can also cause cervicalgia.
Certain abnormalities in the cervical vertebrae such as pinched nerve, bulging disc, spinal arthritis, narrowing of spinal cord (stenosis), or degenerative disc disease may cause Cervicalgia.
Common symptoms include sharp pains, numbness, or an electrical shock sensation that radiates down the neck. Conditions worsen while rotating or tilting the head to either side. Many people experience constant headaches and tightness in the upper back.
If you neck pain becomes unbearable, you should contact your doctor immediately. Initial examination is usually followed by medication. Most doctors prescribe ibuprofen or acetaminophen for cervicalgia. In-depth examination is recommended to identify the cause of cervicalgia. Certain tests like MRI, X-ray, and CT scan are used to help diagnose certain spinal disorders. In rare cases, spine surgery may be recommended. Problems like pinched nerve or bulging disc are usually treated with physical therapy and orthopedic exercises. Combination of lifestyle changes, relaxation techniques, and traditional therapies reduce neck tension. In absence of proper medical treatment, it can become a chronic condition.
Neck exercises are specially advised for treating Cervicalgia. Some of them are listed below: