Cytolysis is death of cell which occurs due to the rupture occurring in the cell membrane. When cytolysis occurs in the cell membrane the bursting results in the scattering of its contents all around. One of the most common reasons for its occurrence is disruption in osmotic balance. Cytolysis could happen when there is an infection by viruses, bacteria or it could be the immune system which destroys cells if they have been infected such as the cytotoxic lymphocytes which destroy the altered cells by pathogens or cancer You do not have access to view this node.
Sometimes when a woman is treated with antifungal or assorted antibiotics as a treatment for chronic vaginal discharge, Cytolysis turns up. Some of the common symptoms of Cytolysis includes vulvar or vaginal itching, redness, watery thin or curd like thick vaginal discharge, mild or severe discomfort during intercourse or urination. Although it is a condition related to a sexual organ, Cytolysis is not contagious or is a sexually transmitted disease.
The vagina of a woman is naturally moist and bacteria are present here in some amount. This presence of bacteria is also called as natural flora. The intermediate cells in vagina have glycogen which serves as the food for the bacteria. When the bacteria digest this glycogen, a byproduct in the form of lactic acid is created in the vagina. Due to this the cell lyses or dies and the cytoplasm of the cell is torn apart. This results in the leftovers of naked nuclei and the debris of the dead cytoplasm You do not have access to view this node. This causes problem called as Cytolysis vaginosis. This condition occurs due to the overgrowth of bacterium lactobacillus but it is not considered as an infection.
Most of the times simple precautions and treatments are enough to clear Cytolysis. But if too much of bacterial growth leads to high amount of cell death, Pap smear test is advised which is conducted by the cytotechnologist. The Bethesda Reporting System for cervical or vaginal cytologic diagnosis reporting was established in 2001 and the test is carried out according to their rules.
Pap smear test is taken by the cytotechnologists to observe the intensity of cytolysis in the vagina. The doctors also observe the sample for analyzing any potential abnormalities. Although cytolysis is the basic reason for carrying out this test, detection of precancerous cells so as to prevent the occurrence of cervic cancer in the latter stage is also the motive behind. Pap smear test was highly rated cancer screening test aduring 1955 to 1992, it reduced diagnosis of cervical cancer to around 75%. According to the American Cancer Society in the last five years 80% of cervical cancer occurrences have not been tested by this test as it has been found to have some side effects.
Using baking soda douches or inserting gelatin capsules in the internal vagina once every week for two or three weeks is the general treatment which can be easily carried out for treating cytolysis. Apart from this certain precautions too can help to reduce the debris of the dead cells and the bacterium in the vagina.
Some of the precautions are: