Micronesia is a name which is used to designate a larger area in the Pacific and is also used specifically to refer to the island nation known as Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) which is located in western Pacific, to the Northeast of Papua New Guinea. Federated States of Micronesia comprises of 607 islands covering an area of 1,800 miles. The main island groups include Chuuk, Pohnpei, Yap and Kosrae and the inhabitants of these islands are identified as the Chuukese, the Pohnpiean, Yappese and the Krosraeans respectively. The estimated population of the islands is about 108,000 with more than half of them employed in the government sector. The Amended Compact of Free Association allows Americans to live and earn freely in Micronesia without any stipulations for a visa.
Micronesia came to be settled nearly four thousand years back, consisting of 607 islands and divided into the states of Chuuk, Pohnpei, Yap and Kosrae. Pohnpei Island was under the rule of the Saudeleur Dynasty from 500 to 1450 CE. The Portuguese first came across the islands in the 16th century, when they were exploring for the Indonesian islands. In 1899, Micronesia came under the control of the Germans and in 1914 was conquered by Japan. During the Second World War, Micronesia was captured by the United States but in 1947 came under the control of United Nations. In 1979 a constitution was established and Micronesia finally achieved independence in 1986.
Federated States of Micronesia has a volcanic origin dating back to millions of years resulting in the creation of a number of islands having diverse topography. Some islands are atop the mountains surrounded by astounding reefs while others are coral islands existing within a lagoon. The climate is mainly tropical marked by warm temperatures, around 80° F all through the year with heavy rainfall in the summer season. Visitors are advised to pack light tropical clothing while visiting the islands. The Federated States of Micronesia has a diverse landscape consisting of mountain peaks as high as 2,000 feet, river valleys, abundant mangrove forests, vast grasslands, pristine sand beaches and deep lagoons.
The economy of Federated States of Micronesia is driven mainly by tourism, agriculture and fishing. Micronesia has a limited number of industries which is largely related to tuna fishing and phosphate mining. The economy is also bolstered by the money received by the United States through its contract of the Compact of Free Association, to safeguard its international waters. English is commonly spoken in Micronesia while the U.S. dollar is used as currency
The culture of Micronesia has traditionally descended from the culture of Polynesians, Melanesians and Filipinos. Traditional family values, importance of extended families and the existence of clan systems are common to the entire region of Micronesia. Many indigenous languages belonging to the Austronesian language family, is used in Micronesia. Micronesia is a haven for tourists to indulge in exotic experiences such as witnessing traditional village dances, hiking, diving and underwater adventures among others.