What is the most common lipoma treatment?

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Lipoma is a soft tissue tumor and can surface at any age.   Most of these lipoma tissues are benign or non cancerous and only in rare cases they have been found to be malignant and even these can be treated effectively if steps are taken quickly. Lipoma's grow under the skin and mainly consists of fat tissues which grow between the muscle tissues and the skin tissue. It's growth is more common around armpits, torso, upper thighs, neck and upper arms.  It is usually dome shaped and can grow to a diameter of 2 to 10 cm. It is only noticeable once the affected place gets an distorted or additional visible growth.  More often they are painless but if they are sitting on the blood vessels then they can cause pain.

 

What are the different types and causes of lipoma?

Although in most of the cases the lipoma's start developing during the adulthood their growth becomes visible only during the middle age.   Depending upon the characteristic and location lipoma are divided into different types. 

  • Angiolipoma is a painful type of lipoma having all the regular features.
  • Neural fibrolipoma pressurizes the nerves.
  • Angiolipoleiomyoma is a solitary lipoma which affects mostly women and is present in the connective tissues, blood vessels and fats.
  • Chondroid lipoma mostly occurs in legs of women and is deep seated and yellowish color soft tissue development.
  • Pleomorphic lipoma is mostly common in old men and looks like giant florets which are spindle shaped cells of lipoma.
  • Spindle-cell lipoma can be seen mostly in men growing on shoulders, neck or back.
  • Hibernoma is a type of adipose or fat tissue tumor.
  • Intradermal spindle cell lipoma affects women and is located in the neck, head or trunk.

Till date no cause has been traced for lipoma and although it has been found to be genetically influenced on other constructive cause has surfaced. In some causes though lipoma has been known to be caused by minor injury.

 

What are the most common treatments of lipoma?

Since the lipoma is usually non painful as well as devoid of any cancerous You do not have access to view this node, after certain growth they stop growing and there is no need for any You do not have access to view this node. The treatment becomes necessary when the lipoma becomes painful. Some of the most common methods of extracting lipoma or its removal are:

Medical therapy

In this treatment the tumors are removed from the upper gastrointestinal tract (duodenum, esophagus or the You do not have access to view this node) or the colon through endoscopic excision. Colonoscopic snare removal is too advised but in rare cases.

 

Surgical treatment 

The lipoma's are subcutaneous or incardiac in origin and also can be lobulated. And hence many times surgery is advised so that the lobules are completely removed from the location to prevent from recurrence. When the tumor is present in the subcutaneous You do not have access to view this node, the removal is for cosmetic reasons and hence the incision is made in the middle of the mass oriented to the parallel surface of the You do not have access to view this node.  Liposuction is another treatment in which a small incision is made and the excess fat fluid is extracted through suction process. Many times, the lesion is also removed by using dissection balloon to perform dissection You do not have access to view this node. The last two treatments are mostly used to remove lipoma from a non conspicuous location like back.

 

Other than this the treatment varies according to the location of the lipoma:

  • When the lipoma in the intestine cause hemorrhage or  obstruction they have to be removed locally.
  • Transhiatal or trans thoracic surgical excision treatment is used when it is not possible to remove Oesophageal Lipoma with an endoscope. 
  • The lipomas present in the lungs are called as intraparenchymal lipomas and have to be removed with the help of expert thoracic surgeon.
  • Ultrasonographic localization or direct palpation method is used when the tumor placed in the breast is to be removed.
  • Vulvar lipomas are locally extracted while those present in hearts require physiological or technical treatment procedure like mediam stemotomy bypass for the removal of lipoma.
  • Endoscopic means along with the expertise of orthopedic is needed to remove  Intraosseous lipomas.

 

What are the general precautions after the surgery?

The lipoma's have to be removed thoroughly as they are enucleated and  can occur again. Hence for some time the patient should keep a keen eye on the surgical area for any development. If any growth is noticed, doctor should be contacted immediately.