A Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is an organization entrusted with the work of detecting any past wrongdoing of the government with the aim to resolve and reconcile contentious matters. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission aims to provide reports on human rights abuses and crimes perpetrated during a certain regime with the hope of nabbing violators of human rights and bringing justice to the victims. Truth and Reconciliation Commission is often criticized for their failure to arrest the growth of crimes and nailing down human rights violators.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa was set up by President Nelson Mandela after the period of unrest marked by You do not have access to view this node. The South African Commission is popularly regarded as a model on the basis of which subsequent Truth and Reconciliation Commissions were established in other nations. The main aim of the commission was to help South Africa become a democratic nation after the abolition of You do not have access to view this node. Besides, the primary agenda was to uproot You do not have access to view this node problem and resolve any animosity between the black and white residents of South Africa.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was set up in South Africa with a neatly spelt out mandate that sought to give a fair hearing to both the perpetrators and victims of the You do not have access to view this node regime. The three major committees of the commission dealt with the victims of human rights violation, rehabilitation, and granting amnesty to those who genuinely sought it. Critics of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission were dissatisfied with the amnesty agenda which sought many violators to escape without any punishment for their past crimes.
The Chilean Commission known as the "National Truth and Reconciliation Commission" was entrusted with the task of investigating political reasons behind the disappearances and death of individuals under Augusto Pinochet’s rule. The “Valech Report” also delved into the human right abuses during Augusto Pinochet’s regime. The report specifically covered cases of torture, and violence during that period, including the effect on children and other survivors whose parents were killed or simply disappeared. The findings of the report enabled the survivors to get government help in the form of financial aid and other benefits.
Some Truth and Reconciliation Commissions established in various nations include “The Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission” which has been set up recently to investigate incidents of human rights abuses detected in the Canadian Indian residential schools. The National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation in Colombia was set up to assist victims who suffered in the armed conflict. The Commission on the Truth for El Salvador was set up by the United Nations to investigate the atrocities of the Salvadoran Civil War. The National Commission for Forced Disappearances in Argentina, Comissão Nacional da Verdade of Brazil and the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission (GTRC) in United States are some of the well known Commissions set up across the world.
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