Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. It involves all non-domesticated flora and fauna. Rain forests, grasslands, deserts and plains have distinct forms of wildlife. However, most wildlife around the world is impacted by human activities. Several hundred species of rare animals have already become extinct due to the destruction of their habitats from industrial, agricultural, and urban development. Such wildlife species are becoming endangered.
Wildlife conservation is the act of protecting and managing wildlife species at local, regional, national or global levels. Laws and acts are passed in order to safeguard the habitats of wildlife species and create an environment conducive for their living. Wildlife conservation is very critical to the survival of the farmers in agriculture dependent states. The trees and rivers prevent soil erosion and lend fertility to the agricultural soil respectively. If these are disturbed then the ecological balance of the system gets destroyed. Moreover, the protection of wild animals ensures that the natural food chain is maintained and we are not affected adversely.
The groups of people who study the positive and negative impacts of the human society over wilderness are called wildlife conservationists. They give recommendations on the preservation of environments as well. If one wishes to be a wildlife conservationist then a bachelor or masters degree is required in Zoology, Biology, Chemistry or Environmental Science. The universities that are best suited for the environmental studies are Ashford University, Walden University, Colorado Technical University, Penn Foster Career School and Ashworth College. A wildlife conservationist is supposed to protect wildlife against any kind of human encroachment. They conduct research and experiments, record and analyze data and publish observational reports. They conduct regular meetings with the policy-makers and convey the inference of their field research. They track the population of endangered species in a region.
Wildlife conservation organizations can be international, national, regional and local. They can be governmental organization or privately run. Wildlife organizations can be categorized under three different groups,
The Light Green organizations usually conserve the wildlife thinking it to be their personal responsibility. Fundamental political reforms are not something for which they look for. The Dark Green organizations believe that the problems with environment are parts of industrial capitalism and so they seek changes in politics. Economic and political changes are needed for wildlife conservation. They support environment protection laws. New technologies and innovations should also help in the process of wildlife conservation. These are the beliefs of Bright Green wildlife conservation organizations. Some of the well known wildlife conservation organizations are
Many nations are blessed with a wide variety of animal and plant species. It is one of our responsibilites to help our fellow living beings on earth by adopting wildlife conservation methods so they can survive and prolong their species. We humans have made many changes to our surroundings with innovations in technology and science. But unfortunately this hasn't helped wildlife at all. It has resulted in their habitats being destroyed which has lowered their numbers dramatically, putting quite a few of them on the endangered list. By taking a few simple steps can help conserve wildlife.