Trinidad and Tobago are the two main archipelagos of the twenty-three islands that form the state of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago spread over a surface of 1,979 sq mi. The main islands of Trinidad and Tobago hold the nation’s important government offices and other attractions while the smaller islands are not well developed. The country has many natural gas and petroleum industries which has made it very prosperous in the region. Tourism thrives mainly in the smaller island of Tobago which is popular for its water sports and surfing events apart from the beauty of the deep rainforests.
Trinidad and Tobago are twin islands of the Caribbean nation located to the north of Guyana and Venezuela and to the south of Barbados and Grenada. They are situated below the hurricane zone, and close to South American coast, near Venezuela. Port of Spain is the capital city of the nation and is located in Trinidad. Interestingly the culture and language of these Caribbean islands can be easily related to North America, Britain and the other Caribbean nations.
Christopher Columbus discovered Trinidad which thus came under Spanish rule. The period saw a flourishing of cocoa plantations by French settlers who also brought in slaves to work on the plantations. But in 1798 the British gained control of the island and stopped slavery but encouraged immigration of labour form India, China, Germany, France and Portugal. In the 1880s Trinidad got united with Tobago and the nation eventually gained independence from the British rule in 1962. In 1976, the nation became a republic after severing ties from the British Monarchy with only the British Privy Council retaining its powers as the Court of Appeal till the establishment of the Carribean Court of Justice. Today Trinidad and Tobago function as a state republic, having a parliamentary system consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives.
Trinidad and Tobago lie in the tropical region and enjoy a maritime tropical weather with the maximum temperature reaching 34degrees centigrade on an average in Trinidad. The rainy season lasts from June till December which witnesses frequent showers and is marked by high humidity. Trinidad and Tobago receive a annual rainfall of 2,110to 2,500 millimeters. Though the islands do not fall in the hurricane belt, Hurricane Flora caused widespread havoc in Tobago in 1963 while the storm Alma damaged Trinidad in 1974.
The country of Trinidad and Tobago is inhabited by people of different culture and language living together in a peaceful and cosmopolitan atmosphere. Trinidad is larger than Tobago and has many important cities besides being the nation’s industrial centre. Tobago is known more for its thriving tourism economy, with its natural beauty. A valid passport is essential to gain entry into the republic of Trinidad and Tobago. British tourists and citizens of Canada, USA, and Latin American countries do not need visas and can remain in country for ninety days beyond which extensions have to be obtained from the concerned department located in Port of Spain. The local laws prevent anyone from dressing in camouflage clothing.