Some compounds react in such a way that they lead to constriction of blood vessels. With the constriction of blood vessels, the blood pressure gets elevated. These compounds are termed as Vasopressors. There are several compounds that are used as Vasopressors and can range from pharmaceuticals used for treating patients to recreational drugs causing vasoconstrictive influence. The important thing is that such compounds should only be handled by experts and that too with great care because if the dosages are not used in right amount, they can cause a health risk by elevating the blood pressure to dangerous levels.
Vasopressors are very useful in the field of medicine. Some of the most common uses of this compound is managing shocks in patients, increasing the blood pressure when it becomes alarmingly low and managing blood pressure levels of during surgeries. During the surgery, vasopressors are mainly administered by anesthesiologists as it is the responsibility of the surgical team to keep the patient's condition stable. Anesthesiologists are trained specifically in the administration of vasopressors and such types of drugs.
Many times inotropes and vasopressors are used together. Inotropes are the compounds which are used for influencing muscle contraction, while the other compounds are used at the same time to relax the muscle. As of today vasopressors along with inotropes are considered a therapeutic cornerstone for controlling many cardiovascular syndromes. Since both these agents influence the vascular smooth muscle and the heart, central nervous system, metabolism, and presynaptic autonomic nervous system by exciting and inhibiting their actions, they are widely used to manage in several related symptoms. The general understanding is that using these two compounds together can bring about short to medium health recovery as they can increase the cardiac output (CO) as well as the vascular tone which otherwise can prove life threatening. Vasopressors and inotropes have been thoroughly investigated by examining the impact of these compounds on hemodynamic end points.
It is necessary that vasopressor compounds should be handled with care and their dosages should be prescribed and administered by a skilled medical professional. In clinical settings, its dosages are very carefully calculated depending upon the various type of medication being given to the patient. The doctor has to take into account the total impact of prescribed medicines along with the influence of vasopressor in totality and also the duration of impact of these medications together. All these factors are carefully studied and then the dosages of vasopressor are recommended mostly by anesthesiologists.
It’s necessary that these compounds should be administered under the skilled supervision of an anesthesiologist as they are very powerful. Use of vasopressors can make the blood vessels tighter and smaller. Although this compound is used only for short duration, chances of side effects cannot be ruled out. During the influence of vasopressors its quite possible that the heart may use oxygen more than the usual measure. Narrowing of blood vessels can cause a decrease in the blood flow to some parts of the body.
Apart from vasopressors that are used in medical field there are other types of vasopressors. The most common is Caffeine and is known for constricting vascular muscles. Our body also shows tendency to produce its own vasopressors in the form of epinephrine. These body vasopressors are used to influence the autonomic nervous system.