What does the term, glucose concentration mean?

PrintPrintEmailEmailSaveSave
Image Credit: 
http://www.abpischools.org.uk
Main Image: 
concentration, glucose, blood sugar

Measurement of the quantity of glucose molecules present in a liquid solution is called glucose concentration. Glucose concentration is expressed in terms of percentage. The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of a human or animal. The glucose concentration or blood sugar levels change throughout the day and night. Glucose concentration are higher after meals and usually lowest in the morning. A blood glucose test confirms the same.

Measurement of the quantity of glucose molecules present in a liquid solution is called glucose concentration. Glucose concentration is expressed in terms of percentage. The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of a human or animal. The glucose concentration or blood sugar levels change throughout the day and night. Glucose concentration are higher after meals and usually lowest in the morning. A blood glucose test confirms the same. Glucose is released from carbohydrate foods and needed by the body to produce energy. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body's cells to absorb glucose. Insulin is produced in the pancreas. A temporarily elevated glucose concentration can cause stress, anxiety attacks, stroke, trauma, or myocardial infarction. Intake of alcohol or drugs may cause an initial surge in blood sugar level. Later it tends to fall. There are many drugs that can increase or decrease glucose levels. In medicine, the glucose concentration in urine is regarded as a strong indicator of health. 

 

What Are the Effects of Glucose Concentration in Humans?

The blood sugar level in a human body varies throughout the day. In a healthy adult, the blood sugar level is usually expected to range from 3.6 mmol/l to 5.8 mmol/l.  If glucose concentration in blood drops, a potentially fatal condition known as hypoglycemia develops. Excessively high glucose concentration is known as hyperglycemia.

 

What Are the Symptoms of Hypoglycemia?

Symptoms of hypoglycemia include lethargy, impaired mental functioning, shaking, twitching, weakness in limb muscles, sweating, pale complexion, paranoid or aggressive mentality and loss of consciousness. It may even cause permanent brain damage.  

 

What Are the Symptoms of Hyperglycemia?

Long-term hyperglycemia may cause diabetes, eye diseases, kidney ailments, cardiovascular disease and nerve damage. "Diabetes mellitus" is characterized by persistent hyperglycemia, and is the most prominent disease related to failure of blood sugar regulation. Diabetic patients must monitor glucose levels. Management of this disease includes restricted diet plan, exercising, and proper medications. 

 

What Are the Different Types of Glucose Concentration Tests?

  • Fasting blood sugar (FBS) measures blood glucose after the person has not eaten anything for at least 8 hours. It is often the first test done to check for prediabetes and diabetes. 2-hour postprandial blood sugar test measures blood glucose exactly 2 hours after meal.
  • Random blood sugar (RBS) measures blood glucose regardless of the individual's diet. Several random measurements may be taken throughout the day. Random testing is useful because glucose levels in healthy people do not vary widely. Varying blood glucose level may indicate a problem. This test is also known as casual blood glucose test.
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test is used to diagnose diabetes. This includes a series of blood glucose measurements taken after the person drinks a sweet liquid that contains glucose. This test is most commonly used to diagnose diabetes that occurs during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
External References
Related Videos: 
See video
Related Images: