Mendelian genetics (or Mendelian inheritance or Mendelism) is a theory of genetic inheritance which was developed by Gregor Mendel. Genetics is the study of biological inheritance. Mendelian Genetics is widely regarded as the corner stone of classical genetics. It is a set of primary beliefs relating to the transmission of hereditary characteristic from parent organisms to their offspring; it underlies much of genetics. Off spring is the product of You do not have access to view this node, a new organism produced by one or more parents.
The laws of inheritance were derived by Gregor Mendel, a 19th century Austrian monk, while conducting hybridization experiments in garden peas. Between 1856 and 1863, he cultivated and tested some 29,000 pea plants. From these experiments, he deduced 2 generalizations which later became Mendel’s Principles of Heredity or Mendelian inheritance. Mendel’s conclusions were largely ignored by many biologists of that time. He did not get everything quite right, but he got very close. Mendel’s work was re-discovered in early 1900s. Later, when they were integrated with the chromosome theory of inheritance, a fundamental unifying theory of genetics emerged, which was proposed by Thomas Hunt Morgan in 1915. Those principles became the core of classical genetics.
At the time of Mendel’s research, there wasn't a whole lot of knowledge available about genetics. Mendel came up with an idea which was innovative for the time: creating a pure genetic line for research and recording his results carefully. He chose peas for his experiments, because they grow quickly and are easy to hybridize; and along the way he made a number of notable discoveries, formulating 2 laws of genetics which were not very famous / popular with the scientific community of that time. The laws are as follows
In the early 20th century, several scientists referenced his work, building upon the basic concepts of Mendelian genetics and adding their own concepts and ideas to create the theory of classical genetics. In honor of Gregor Mendel, traits which are determined by genes at a single location are known as Mendelian traits.