Nanoengineering is the application extension of Nanotechnology, which is a collective term for a range of new technologies that involve the manipulation of matter at small scales, typically 0.2-100 nanometres. Such capability enables us to invent, design and utilize a large array of new materials and new devices in innovative applications that have not been possible before. It is an emerging field of technological development with a strong thrust internationally. It is predicted to impact on practically every major sector of engineering, from consumer goods, health care and medicine, food and agriculture, to space technology, telecommunications, environment and energy, to name a few.
In other words, Nanoengineering is the practice of engineering on the nanoscale. It derives its name from the nanometre, a unit of measurement equaling one billionth of a meter. It will take approximately 40,000 nanometers prepared repeatedly to equal the width of any real hair. Nanoengineering is largely a synonym for nanotechnology, but highlights the engineering rather than the pure science aspects of the field. The nanoscopic scale usually refers to structures with a length scale applicable to nanotechnology, usually cited as 1-100 nanometers. The first nanoengineering program in the world was started at the University of Toronto within the Engineering Science program as one of the Options of study in the final years. In 2009, the University of Toronto began offering all Options of study in Engineering Science as degrees, bringing the second nanoengineering degree to Canada.
University of Toronto started the first nanoengineering program in the world, within the Engineering Science program, as one of the Options of study in the final years. In 2009, the University of Toronto began offering the specializing in Nanoengineering to all Engineering studends, bringing the second nanoengineering degree to Canada. DTU Nanotech - the Department of Micro- and Nano-technology is a department at the Technical University of Denmark established in 1990, DTU Nanotech is a centre of excellence in nanotechnology exploiting sciences across the traditional boundaries of technology, biology, and chemistry; and offering undergraduate, masters, and PhD degrees in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
Nanoengineering is an interdisciplinary science that constructs biochemical structures smaller than bacterium, which function like microscopic factories. This is achieved by employing basic biochemical processes at the atomic or molecular level. In simple terms, molecules interact through natural processes, and nanoengineering takes advantage of those processes by direct supervision. Generally, nanotechnology is sometimes used to refer to common products that have improved properties due to being equipped with nanoscale materials. An example is nano-improved tooth-colored enamel, as used by dentists for fillings. The common use of the term “nanotechnology” then differs from the more specific sciences that fall under its title.
In its early years, Nanoengineering, has seen some early victories with using DNA as a catalyst to self-assemble simple structures. The Brown University research team was capable to grow zinc oxide nanowires of roughly 100-200 nm in length by fusing snippets of synthetic DNA to carbon nanotubes, in the year 2006. DNA, nature’s manual for creating matter from the bottom up, is of the major curiosity in the field of nanoengineering. As a result of bringing together the specific DNA code, a nanoengineer can set up the conditions for the genetic code to perform tasks that result in the biochemical assembly of nanomaterials.
Nanoengineering is engineering at the atomic, molecular and supramolecular levels. It involves processing and manipulating matter at extremely small scales, typically 0.1 - 100nm. At this scale materials exhibit properties and behavior that differ from those of traditional bulk materials. Nanoengineering might possibly lead to innovative materials and products in surplus that would not only benefit fields like aerospace, medicine and technology, but also for daily life. Nanoengineering could lead to such realistic applications as self-cleaning paint that never fades or needs waxing; planes with skins that de-ice themselves and adjust to various aerodynamic environments; and more proficient and cleaner burning fuels.
The most exhilarating benefits of nanoengineering is it is outstandingly cost-effective, eco-friendly (raw product is rich), non-polluting, and needs only minimum energy. Nanoengineering is thought to turn out to be a promising field for fresh scientific minds expecting for an opportunity to travel the leading edge of any revolutionary wave of most recent science on our way. It definitely is extensively believed nanotechnology will have got a greater impact within the world compared to the industrial revolution and is also predicted to become multi-billion dollar business by 2015.